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Comparison of Different Models

Page history last edited by fran toomey 4 years, 1 month ago

Choosing and Using Frameworks for Understanding “Individual Differences”

I have lots of questions!


If we count each framework separately we arrive at 4 Developmental Frameworks (Piaget, Vygotsky, Flavell, Sternberg), 4 Popular Single Factor Framework, (Grit, Growth Mindset,  Mindfulness and Agency/Self-Direction), 1 Multiple “characteristics” framework (Habits of Mind), 2 Intelligence/Cognitive Tests (WISC-V and SJV COG), Two Curriculum Based Frameworks (Differentiated Instruction and CAST), 1 “Personalized Learning” framework, and my earlier framework (CARE NOTES).


How might we compare and choose a framework? Is it doable?  valuable? context dependent?  Where might such analysis/comparison take us?  How does a teacher or school focus on one or more of these frameworks in order to more specifically and effective address the strengths and challenges of individual students? What role do parents play in choosing a way to describe their child?


Where might we start?

Is the framework easily understood?   Is it possible that some frameworks overlap with other frameworks?


How is a framework chosen?

                …on the basis of teacher/school purpose;

                …on the basis of ease of understanding and implementing the framework;

                …on the basis of evidence of the framework’s effectiveness;

                …on the basis of ease of implementing;

                …on the basis of family and child input.


Are there examples of the frameworks that are Useful?  Effectiveness?


In an attempt to synthesize  “individual differences” across models, I noted which characteristics I determined were mentioned most frequently across 5 frameworks: Development, Popular Single “Characteristics,” Habits of Mind, IQ Tests (WISC-V and WJ Cog Battery) and Differentiating Instruction and CAST. For the most part, these models focused on "cognitive" factors.


Frequency of   Mention                                                       Models with Most Characteristics


Concrete/Abstract (4)                                                                                             Habits of Mind (10)                  

Metacognition (3)                                                                                                   Developmental Models (9)

Mental Schema (3)                                                                                                 Differentiating Instruction/Cast (8)

Perseverance (3)                                                                                                     Popular Models (3)

Knowledge Base (3)                                                                                                IQ/Cognitive Tests (3)

Problem Solving (3)

Interest (3)

Interactive (3)

Processing Speed (2)

Multisensory (2)

Agency (2)

Analysis (2)


The Process of Understanding a Learner's Strengths and Challenges

























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